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Amavasai is the first tithi, or the first day in the waxing and waning of the Moon's passage. Tithi is a Sanskrit word meaning distance. It is the distance between the Sun and Moon in the galaxy. The Moon is invisible on Amavasya.
Even though considered a good day, auspicious events like marriages are not conducted on that day. Like avoiding Amavasai, people also avoid a month, on which occur two Amavasai. This is called Malamasam. Malamasam occurs approximately once every 18 years.
Chaturdasi, the day before and Prathamai tithi that comes a day after Amavasai are also considered inauspicious days. New activities are not conducted on these days, because it is believed that any new activity may run into trouble with loss, enmity and disease as a result.
Baby born on Amavasai
It is believed that if a baby is born on the Amavasai tithi, the parents should perform shanti ceremony for the baby. Otherwise, the baby may choose the wrong path in life as an adult, as indicated in the book Shanti Kusumakaram.
Why auspicious activities have to be avoided on Amavasai
On the day of Amavasai, the Sun and the Moon are in line with themselves and both the planets are placed in the same rasi. The magnetic force of these two planets are at their highest on this day. This may influence the human minds in a manner that is unknown to us. Anyone that has seen the rough waves during the new moon day can understand this. So, beginning any new activity may be avoided on the this day.
Ideal for meditation
Because of the powerful Sun and the Moon on the day, the Amavasya tithi is considered ideal for meditation.
ePanchang calculates Amavasai dates and provides free Amavasya Calendar for Amavasai Tharpanam; this is available for any location in the world
Know the impact and importance of Amavasya
Full moon day and the no moon day have a special significance in Hindu mythology. Full moon day is denoted as purnima and no moon day is denoted as Amavasya in the Hindu calendar. Many people also fast on no moon day as it is considered auspicious. The belief is that all your wishes will come true, if you will keep a fast on Amavasya which falls on Monday. Generally, lord Shiva is worshipped by the people who fast on no moon day. If you are looking forward to fast on the no moon day then, you can search the web and know the dates of no moon day. There are various sites which tell the exact dates as well as the timings.
Black magic and Amavasya
It is believed that the black power or evil spirit is bit more prominent on Amavasya and hence the black magic is performed on the night of no moon day. It is believed that evil spirits are under no boundation on the night of no moon day and thus are stronger. This is the reason why tantra is performed on this day. It is said that black magic and tantra is stronger if performed on this day.
One of the most auspicious festivals of Hindus falls on the night of no moon day that is diwali. On diwali all the nooks and corners of the house are lighted, so that the evil spirits cannot enter the house.
Know the importance of Pitra bhog on no moon day
In Hindu, mythology the dead souls are respected by offering them the food which is termed as the Pitra bhog. It is also offered on the night on no moon day. It is believed that the Pitra that is forefathers or the ancestor accept the food only once in a month and that is on the night on the no moon day. Thus, the Pitra bhog is offered only on Amavasya. Pitra bhog generally consist of sweets generally kheer.
Intensity of blood flow reduces on no moon day
On the night of Amavasya the moon is in between the sun and the earth. Thus, the gravity influence of moon increases on the earth which results in decrease in the intensity of blood flow in humans as well as animals. This gravitational impact of the no moon day also plays a great role on emotions of the human being. The emotion or the feelings get enhanced on the night of no moon day for example the unhappy ones experience more unhappiness and the happy people fell a little goes happier. In fact many people are of the opinion that somebody is quite mentally imbalance he/she becomes more imbalanced on the night of the no moon day.
It is to be noted that no moon day or the new moon day are same, as the moon is between sun and the earth and hence it is not visible. But the fact is that a very little portion of the moon is visible which indicates the appearance of the new moon.